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02-06-2012

Thói dối trá và sự suy thoái Đạo đức trong xã hội


Thói dối trá là biểu hiện của sự suy thoái về đạo đức trong đời sống xã hội.
            Viết một bài văn ngắn (khoảng 400 từ) trình bày suy nghĩ của anh/chị về ý kiến trên.
(Câu 3 điểm trong kỳ thi TN THPT 2012)
------------
HƯỚNG DẪN CHẤM CỦA BGD 

Viết một bài văn ngắn (khoảng 400 từ) trình bày suy nghĩ về ý kiến:
Thói dối trá là biểu hiện của sự suy thoái về đạo đức trong đời sống xã hội
a. Yêu cầu về kĩ năng
Biết cách làm bài văn nghị luận xã hội. Kết cấu chặt chẽ, diễn đạt lưu loát; không
mắc lỗi chính tả, dùng từ, ngữ pháp.
b. Yêu cầu về kiến thức
Thí sinh có thể trình bày theo nhiều cách nhưng lí lẽ và dẫn chứng phải hợp lí;
cần làm rõ được các ý chính sau:
- Nêu được vấn đề cần nghị luận: tác hại của thói dối trá.
0,50
- Giải thích:
Thói dối trá là lối sống không trung thực nhằm mục đích vụ lợi; suy thoái về
đạo đức là sự tha hóa, làm mất dần đi những chuẩn mực đạo đức.
+ Ý kiến nêu lên tác hại của thói dối trá đối với con người và xã hội.
0,50
Câu 2
(3,0 đ)
- Bàn luận:
+ Biểu hiện: thói dối trá đang tồn tại ở con người trong nhiều lĩnh vực đời sống.
+ Tác hại: làm mất niềm tin; tạo ra những giá trị ảo; làm tha hóa đạo đức của con
người; làm thiệt hại đến vật chất và tinh thần của xã hội.
0,50
0,50

2
+ Lên án, đấu tranh để loại bỏ thói dối trá trong mỗi cá nhân và trong đời sống xã
hội.
0,50
- Bài học nhận thức và hành động: cần thấy sự nguy hại của thói dối trá; cần tu
dưỡng, rèn luyện bản thân để sống trung thực.
0,50
Lưu ý: Nếu thí sinh có kĩ năng làm bài tốt nhưng chỉ đi sâu bàn luận vào một vài
khía cạnh và có những suy nghĩ riêng, hợp lí thì vẫn đạt điểm tối đa.
---------------------------------------------------
DÀN BÀI CHI TIẾT THAM KHẢO

            1) Mở bài :
            - Giới thiệu luận đề : “Thói dối trá là biểu hiện của sự suy thoái về đạo đức trong đời sống xã hội.
            - Chuyển ý.
            2) Thân bài :
            a. Giải thích : thế nào là dối trá; suy thoái về đạo đức.
            - Dối trá là không trung thực, không thành thật, nói và làm không thống nhất với nhau nhằm một mục đích không tốt đẹp.
            - Suy thoái về đạo đức là không tuân theo những chuẩn mực đạo đức mà xã hội quy định, là sự suy sụp và băng hoại về đạo đức. Ví dụ : sống bên trong một đằng, bên ngoài một nẻo; “khẩu phật tâm xà”; không tôn trọng luật pháp…
            b. Bàn luận :
            - Vì sao nói dối trá là biểu hiện của sự suy thoái về đạo đức trong đời sống xã hội?
            + Làm cho mọi người nhìn nhận vấn đề không đúng với bản chất theo ý đồ của mình (dẫn chứng).
            + Làm cho mọi chuẩn mực không được nhìn nhận đúng (dẫn chứng).
            + Gây ra nhiều tác hại nguy hiểm về đạo đức, làm cho cuộc sống không ổn định (dẫn chứng).
+ Tạo ra sự đau khổ và căm ghét trong lòng người khác khi họ biết mình bị dối trá (dẫn chứng).
- Làm thế nào để ngăn chặn thói dối trá trong xã hội :
+ Từ trong gia đình, nhà trường, xã hội phải tôn trọng mọi chuẩn mực về đạo đức đã được quy định.
+ Bản thân mỗi người phải ý thức dối trá được hôm nay không dối trá được mãi mãi.
+ Tuy nhiên đôi khi có những lời nói dối “nhân đạo”. Ví dụ : không nói với người bệnh khi họ bị bệnh nan y hoặc khi muốn dấu đi một sự thật có thể gây nguy hiểm cho người khác.
            c. Mở rộng :
            - Sống trung thực là biểu hiện cao đẹp nhất của người có nhân cách.
            - “Vương quốc của những người nói dối rộng khắp thế gian” chúng ta cần kiên trì, bình tĩnh và có bản lĩnh khi sống chung với những người nói dối, kiên quyết đấu tranh để loại bỏ thói nói dối.
            3) Kết luận :
            - Khẳng định “Thói dối trá là biểu hiện của sự suy thoái về đạo đức trong đời sống xã hội”.
            - Nêu bài học về nhận thức và hành động của bản thân.

94 nhận xét:

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